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Annali di stomatologia

Protective effects of a zinc-hydroxyapatite toothpaste on enamel erosion: SEM study

Original Article, 38 - 45
doi: 10.11138/ads/2016.7.3.038
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Aim. The aim of the present in vitro study was to evaluate the protective effects of a zinc-hydroxyapatite toothpaste against an erosive challenge produced by a soft drink (Coca-Cola) using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM).
Methods. Forty specimens were assigned to 4 groups of 10 specimens each (group 1: no erosive challenge, no toothpaste treatment, group 2: erosive challenge, no toothpaste treatment, group 3: erosive challenge, fluoride toothpaste treatment, group 4: erosive challenge, zinc-hydroxyapatite toothpaste treatment). The surface of each specimen was imaged by SEM. A visual rating system was used to evaluate the condition of the enamel surface; results were analyzed by nonparametric statistical methods.
Results. Statistically significant differences were found between the samples untreated and those immersed in Coca-Cola (group 1, 2); the highest grade of damage was found in group 2, while the lowest grade was recorded in the samples of group 4. Comparing the groups, the two analyzed toothpaste tended to protect in different extend.
Conclusions. In this study treatment of erosively challenged enamel with Zn-Hap toothpaste showed a clear protective effect. This was greater than the effect observed for a normal fluoride toothpaste and confirmed the potential benefit the Zn-HAP technology can provide in protecting enamel from erosive acid challenges.

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  1. Protective effects of a zinc-hydroxyapatite toothpaste on enamel erosion: SEM study
    Colombo M., Beltrami R., Rattalino D., Mirando M., Chiesa M., Poggio C.
    doi: 10.11138/ads/2016.7.3.038