Cic edizioni internazionali
Annali di stomatologia

Disabled patients and oral health in Rome, Italy: long-term evaluation of educational initiatives

Original Article, 25 - 30
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Abstract
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This study is concerned with the educational intervention layout proposed as a possible answer for the disparities in healthcare services for disabled persons.
Material and methods. The data sampling was performed on individuals in Rome, affected by psychophysical disabilities, living in residential care facilities.
Participants were randomly divided into two groups: Study and Control Group, consisting of patients who did or did not participate in the Educational Phase. All the caregivers participated in an educational course.
Screening period: September 2008 – March 2009. Examinations were performed using Visible Plaque Index (VPI), Gingival Bleeding Index (GBI) and Microbiological Analysis.
Results. The total number of patients utilized for the study was 36 (18 in each group). The final sample amounted to 70% (14/20) in the Study Group and to 75% (15/20) in the Control Group. In both examined groups Oral Hygiene, Gingival Health State and Microbiological
Analysis show an overall improvement of the indices, compared with the initial status, mostly at a follow-up after 4 weeks. However, Study Group show a significantly better improvement. Conversely, after 6 months the overall clinical indices worsened again.
Conclusion. The difference in the significant improvements of the groups, even if only over a short-time evaluation, endorses that the participation of the patients as well as tutors in the educational phase is an effective strategy for the short-term.

Vol. 9 (No. 2) 2018 May-August

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